GRIQUATOWN, a remote settlement in an arid region of South Africa, known mainly for its dorper sheep and jasper and tigers eye precious stones, was the unlikely birthplace of Bill Jennings, one of the world’s best Riley exponents of his time.

As a teenager the young Jennings was taken to Kimberley – about 200km distant – to see the Kimberley 100 road race. He was instantly smitten, particularly by Italian star Mario Massacuratti, who had imported various exotics, among them a pair of Bugattis, an Alfa Romeo and a Maserati 6C-34.

A cousin of the great Tazio Nuvolari, he also acquired several of the Italian legend’s cars and raced to success in the 1936 South African GP.

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Pit crew attend to the Jennings Riley Special. The car had advanced suspension at a time when most specials still used leaf springs.

Bill later moved to Cape Town, where he became a motor mechanic, but was especially interested in chassis design and engineering. After WWII, he built a Riley Nine 1100-powered special that stunned rivals and fans: it was rear-engined, with the motor mounted east-west.

It was quite successful and the basic design ended up in Formula One in 1964, when Honda used the same principle in its radical 12-cylinder 1.5litre RA271.

After campaigning the 1100 for four years, Jennings bought the 1934 ex-Freddie Dixon Riley from local driver Edgar Hoal for 150 pounds sterling.

He set about on a major improvement program, using a variety of other car components in the tubular spaceframe, including bits of Packard, Austin, Morris and Fiat.

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Bill Jennings, far left, at the start of a race in Cape Town. Table Mountain in the background.

With a lot of attention to suspension, steering, camshaft profile, valves and exhaust length, Bill ended up more than doubling the car’s power, increasing its rev limit and improving its handling.

He was a very polished driver too, and from 1952 he started overhauling the mainly locally-built MG and Ford specials that dominated the flourishing South African road racing scene, taking third place in the national championship in 1953 and winning in 1954, 1956 and 1957. Plus running second in 1955.

The cherry on top, for me, was in 1957 at Grand Central, a circuit midway between Johannesburg and Pretoria, when two of the then brand new T41 Cooper-Climaxes arrived to much media hype.

They were driven by Kiwis Ronnie Moore and Ray Thackwell but their fancied cars, described in some editorials as ‘in a class of their own’, simply could not match the pace of the unpainted (to save weight) cigar-shaped Jennings Riley Special, which was a runaway winner. Second came Lord Louth, of Jersey, in his D-Type Jaguar.

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The first Jennings Riley Special of 1948, with transverse engine.

Shortly after, Jennings sold the car to Rhodesia’s John Love, for 500 quid. Love, later also to take several South African championships, immediately also scored success with it, within a fortnight winning the Heany Summer Handicap in Rhodesia from a strong field which included a brace of Cooper-Climaxes, a Connaught, an ERA and a D-Type Jag.

Love then moved to Europe to race for Ken Tyrrell.

The Jennings Riley still survives today, and is owned by Zimbabwe enthusiast and former racer Bruce Glasby.

It was simply a masterpiece of engineering.

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Bill Jennings in action, without the luxury of safety barriers.

Bill Jennings died in 2008, John Love in 2005.

Meanwhile Griquatown seems oblivious of its link with one of Southern Africa’s greatest drivers and racing engineers.

Its main claim to fame is it still produces a great sheep breed and precious stones, and the tree where Griqua leader Andries Waterboer hanged criminals in the early 1800s, is still standing proud in Water Street.

 

Specs  1935/1952 Bill Jennings Riley 1500cc Special
Chassis Jennings tubular chassis-frame
Engine Riley TT Sprite; 4 AMAL carburettors; 14:1 compression ratio
Power 135hp at 6000 rpm
Racing history South Africa Drivers championship Winner 1954, 1956, 1957

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